Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions.
Why is oral hygiene so important?
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by good tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed daily.
Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. By thorough daily brushing and flossing you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.
Periodontal diseases can be accelerated by a number of different factors. However, it is mainly caused by the bacteria found in dental plaque, a sticky colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).
Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Poor nutrition
Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
Periodontal disease has also been linked to overall health problems such as increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and premature birth. Also, diabetics can have far more difficulty controlling blood glucose levels.
Preventing Gum Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.
3 Month Periodontal Maintenance Visits
There is NO CURE for periodontal disease! It can only be managed by supportive 3 month maintenance appointments. These appointments are NOT AN OPTION and are critical for controlling the disease. Research overwhelmingly has shown that these 3 month appointments prevent significant recolonization of the destructive microorganisms responsible for periodontal disease.
My Insurance only pays for 2 cleanings a year…
It is illogical and unfortunate that most insurance companies pay for only 2 periodontal maintenance appointments per year. Dental research has consistently demonstrated that periodontal cleanings every 3 months are essential to keep the disease under control. We at Goris Dental Clinic recommend treatments that are in the best interest of our patients. Our treatment protocols are not dictated by insurance companies but sound dental science.